BAGBANI


  

GARDEN CALANDER  

MONTH WISE ACTIVTIES

 

JANUARY

FRUITS: A month of frosts and chilly weather. Great care has to be taken for the protection of young saplings of fruit trees like litchi, mango, papaya, chikoo, custard apple etc. by covering them with a thick thatch of hay and their basins should be watered.

 

Pruning of peach, plum, pear trees and grape vine should be done. After pruning the plants should be sprayed with rogor/metasystox and metacid as applicable to protect them from hibernating insects.

 

Cuttings of deciduous fruit plants (plants which shed their leaves in winter) should be placed in prepared small beds in sunny place and kept moist with frequent watering.

GRAPES: Both plants and cutting sown.

 

MANGO: The treatment for mealy-bug should be undertaken. The lower trunk of the trees should be sprayed with CPP (1:20) or Phorate and then covered with a PVC film and tied firmly at the top and the bottom.

 

This PVC films width should be 3 to 4 feet and should be buried at-least 6 to 7 inches in the earth. Spray Devicol or Nuvan as soon as you notice any mealy-bug activity. Cut all branches or twigs which are touching the building.

 

VEGETABLES: Seedlings of Spring Onions should be transplanted in well prepared beds in rows 6-9 inches apart at a distance of 4-6 inches from plant to plant and irrigation withheld for one week at-least for better root formation.

 

Seedlings of Chilies, Capsicum and Tomatoes sown in October should be transplanted. Spring Potatoes should be sown in well manure beds.

 

Cut pieces of large size potatoes bearing 1 to 2 buds should be used.

 

Winter vegetables like Radish, Turnip, Carrot, Beat Root, Dwarf Beans, Peas, Spinach, Soya, Salad etc. should be done to maintain supplies till April.

 

Apply manure to all fruit trees, ornamental plants and the winter annuals already planted.

 

FLOWERS ROSES: If roses are pruned in September the flush of flowers will last till end December. Thereafter, two maintenance feeds of 25 gm of fertiliser (rose mixture) should be applied one each in the first week of January.

 

CHRYSANTHEMUMS: After the plants have flowered in October to December/January, the branches of the plants should be cut down to 6 to 9 inches. These plants are called Stools (Mother Plants) and should be allowed to rest for about two months till mid February, when suckers start emerging from the mother plants.

 

INDOOR PLANTS: These plants must be exposed to the sun and manure applied.

 

SHRUBS: Plant cuttings of various shrubs like Chandni, Bougainvillea and Rat Ki Rani etc.

 

HEDGES: Old damaged hedges should be repaired by planting cuttings of these hedge plants in gaps 6 inches apart crosswise and watered regularly.

 

LAWNS: Sprinkle water on the grass early in the morning as this prevents the dew or frost to damage the grass. In the third week of January apply Urea or CAN and flood the same immediately. During the last week of January mow the lawn.

 

FOOD PRESERVATION: Sarson, Amla, Guva, Turnip, Cauliflower, Carrot, Kenew, Gulgul, Orange, Mausaumi and Peas are available at the cheaper rates and in abundance. These can all be preserved now.

 

 

FEBRUARY

FRUITS: Young seedlings of Litchi, Mango, Chikoo, Papaya etc should be kept covered with rough thatches keeping south west side open to allow sun and air to protect them from frost and cold winds.

 

On frosty nights light irrigation may be given to the young fruit saplings. Manure should be applied to all fruit trees according to the age and size of the plants followed by watering.

 

All fruit plants specially those of Peach, Plum, Pear and all Citrus fruit trees should be planted in the previously dug pits before flowering sets in.

 

In case of evergreen plants protect them from frost by covering with a thatch.

 

GRAPES: Grape vines should be pruned by cutting back last year's shoots, leaving 2-3 buds for new growth of fruit bearing shoots. Soil around the roots of the vine should be dug 9-10 inches deep and left exposed to weather for a week or more and all fibrous hair-like roots should be removed, after which compost mixed with CAN should be applied and covered with the soil, followed by light irrigation.

 

VEGETABLES: Seedlings of Chilies, Capsicum, Tomato and Brinjals sown in October should be transplanted in beds if not done in January. Well manure beds should be made for sowing early crop of summer vegetables like Khira, Kerala, Chapan Kadu, Loki, and Kakri etc. at the end of the month for early supply of these vegetables.

 

Hoeing should be done to the crop of Potato and Spring Onions.

 

FLOWERS

ROSES: Same as in January.

SUMMER SEASON FLOWERS: Seeds of early summer flowering annuals may be sown in the last week of this month to raise seedlings of Portulaca, Amaranthus, Coleus, Kochia, Celosia, Zinnia, Gamphorena, Gallardia, Golden-rod etc.

Bulbs of Football Lilly, Caladium, and Amaryllis may be planted.

FOLIAGE PLANTS: There is little growth in foliage plants. Watering should be done with a gap of 7-8 days and excess watering should be avoided. Varieties of foliage plants like Crotons, Money Plant, and Philodendron should be protected from frost and cold winds.

INDOOR PLANTS: Transplanting can be done from the last week of February. Liquid manure may be given to all the plants including palms. S

HRUBS: Cuttings of ornamental shrubs, Bougainvillea, Climbers and Hedge Plants may be planted if not done already, without any delay in well manure beds and kept moist with frequent light irrigation.

 

HEDGES: Old damaged hedges should be renovated by planting cuttings of these very hedges in the gaps 6 inches apart cross-wise and irrigated frequently.

 

LAWNS: Since the nights are still cool, give another dose of Urea or CAN to the lawn preferably in the first week of this month. Keep on mowing the lawn as soon as it is thick and tall enough. Patchy lawns should be renovated by digging them up and manure added before planting fresh runners in the last week of the month and frequently watered.

 

FOOD PRESERVATION: Sarson, Alma, Guava, Turnip, Carrot, Cauliflower, Kinnow, Orange, Gulgul, Mausamui, Peas, Lemon, China Orange are available and can be all preserved.

MARCH

FRUITS: With the change of weather all thatch covers over the young plants must be removed. Land around them should be dug up after adding manure and irrigated after making deep basins.

 

Lime washing of lower 3 feet of the main trunks of the Litchi and Mango trees should be done to protect them from sunburn, attack of insects and fungal pests.

 

Mango trees on flowering should be sprayed with Malathion to control the mango hopper pests. Peach and almond tress should be sprayed with metasystox/roger and Nicotine Sulphate or Malathion as soon as the fruit have set and are of pea grain size.

 

VEGETABLES Small beds and shallow pits should be made and manure added in the soil for sowing seeds of summer vegetables like Bhindi, Beans, Khera, Louki, Pumpkins etc. Bhindi, Chilies, Capsicum, tomato, brinjal and beans may be sown in flat beds and the rest in shallow pits.

 

Ginger, Haldi, Arbi and Zimikind, should be covered with thick layer of dry leaves about 6 inches deep to protect the tubers from heat and to preserve moisture air in the soil.

 

Spring Onions and Garlic beds should be hoed after spreading manure and irrigated immediately. first week of March or it is planted in rich soil in 9 inch to 10 inch pot or in a well-manure bed at a distance of 18 inches.

 

LAWN: Give sterameal to grass, 1 kg sterameal for a lawn of 12x12 feet size. Again be on the lookout for weeds. Digging bare patches, adding manure and planting fresh runners of the grass should be undertaken to renovate the patchy lawn. These should be kept wet by frequent watering.

 

INDOOR PLANTS: Manure and put them in shady place. Give liquid manure in the first week of March.

 

FOOD PRESERVATION Cauliflower, Tomato, Turnip, Carrot, Peas, Oranges, Papaya, Ginger and Lemon are all available and can be preserved.

 

GENERAL Planting of new trees, climbers, shrubs and hedges may be completed in the first fortnight. Seeds of the hedges and trees can be sown now. Seed collection of flowering annuals may be done. Care should be taken that seeds are properly dried and labeled. Seeds of the summer glowering annuals should be sown in the nursery during the second fortnight of the month

APRIL

FRUITS: All litchis, mango and other fruit trees should be provided with deep basins for irrigation during the hot summers.

 

These basins should be filled with dry leaves after leaving a mound of soil around the trunk of the trees. Lime washing of the trunk up-to three feet from the ground should be applied to all the fruit trees to protect them from sunburn and attack of insects and fungal pests.

 

Mango trees in flowers should be sprayed with Malathion to control mango hopper pests. Seeds from selected papaya fruits should be sown

 

FLOWERS ROSES: No change. Portulaca, Amaranthus, Coleus, Kochia, Celosia, Zinnia, Gamphorena, Gallardia, Golden-rod etc. Bulbs of Football Lilly, Caladium, and Amartllis may be planted.

 

CHRYASANTHEMUMS: A small sucker is planted in 3 inch pot in the in small 4 inch pots after rubbing them with dry ashes to remove the mucilage to induce quicker germination.

 

Seedlings would be ready for transplantation in August-September and will start fruiting in the coming winter.

VEGETABLES: Clear the winter vegetable beds and prepare them for the next season.

Seedling of Chilies, Capsicum, Brinjal and tomato should be transplanted in small manageable beds if not already done.

Ginger and Haldi should be sown on ridges 2-3 inches depend covered with 9-8 inches deep layer of dry leaves to protect them from the heat and preserve moisture in the soil.

Seeds of all summer vegetables like Bhindi, Beans, Khera, Louki, Torai should be sown in small manageable plots with adequate and assured water supply.

 

Spring crop of Onions should be hoed after irrigation and green stems trampled down with feet to induce larger bulbs.

 

FLOWERS: Winter season flowers which have stopped flowering should be cleaned and the beds should be prepared for summer season. Seedlings of summer flowers like Portulaca, Amaranthus, Dahlia, Sunflower etc. should be transplanted. This is the best time for flowering Cannas.

 

Seed collection of the late winter flowers can be done.

 

Damaged areas in the Shrubs can be filled up.

 

CHRYASANTHEMUMS: The plants should be transplanted from the 3 inch pots to the 4 inch pots.

 

FOLIAGE PLANTS: In the foliage plants the growth will be resumed. Therefore, these should be kept in the shade to avoid direct sun. Propagation by seed, division, and cutting can be done in the first fortnight.

 

LAWNS: Give another dose of sterameal with neemkhali. For a lawn 12x12 feet one kg each should be applied.

 

SEED COLLECTION: Continue seed collection as in March.

 

INDOOR PLANTS Save them from direct sun.

 

FOOD PRESERVATION China Orange, Mangoes, Jackfruit and Pumpkins are available and can be preserved.

MAY

FRUITS: Deep basins dug around Litchi and Mango trees should be watered and covered with dry leaves to make mulch. Lime washing applied to the lower part of the trunk up-to 3 feet to avoid splitting of the trunk bark by sunburn and safeguard them against insect and fungal attack.

 

VEGETABLES: Transplanting of seedlings of Chilies, Capsicum, Brinjals, Tomatoes, Ginger, Turmeric, Arvi and Zimikund should be planted and covered with 4-6 inches of thick layer of dry leaves to conserve moisture and protect them from the heat.

 

Land should be prepared for sowing Soya Bean in June and manure applied to the soil.

 

Prepare land for sowing rainy season vegetables like Pusa Sawni Bhindi, Karela, Louki, Cowpeas, Beans and Chachinda etc. Early summer vegetables like Karela, Khira, Louki and Torai etc. should be trained on wooden supports.

 

Garlic sown in October should be dug out, tied with strings and hung. Spring Onion crop should be irrigated, hoed and trampled upon by feet to retard excessive leafy growth and to induce large and firm bulbs on onions.

 

FLOWERS SUMMER FLOWERING ANNUALS: Transplanting of Portulaca, Amaranthus, Coleus, Kochia, Gompherena and Sunflower etc. should be done early. Seeds of Balsam, Zinnia, Petunia, and Carnation etc. may be sown in flower pots to raise seedlings of these rainy season flowers.

 

CHRYASANTHEMUMS: The plants should be transplanted from the 4 inch pots to the 5 inch pots. Suckers planted in beds or 9-10 inch pots, should be now about 6-8 inch tall, their top 1 inch should be cut off with a pair of scissors.

 

BULBS: Tuberose, Lilly and Cannas bulbs should be planted now.

 

LAWNS: Regular watering is must. In case you wish to have a new lawn, than start digging the lawn up to one foot deep during the last week of the month.

 

INDOOR PLANTS Save them from direct sun. Mulching with grass or dry leaves or moss-grass can be done to retain moisture.

JUNE

FRUITS: Pits of 3 X 3 feet should be dug for planting fruit trees of Litchi, Mango, and Citrus etc. next month. These pits should be filled up with farmyard manure mixed with top 9" of the soil from these very pits.

 

VEGETABLES: Land should be prepared for sowing seeds of Soya Beans with the advent pre-monsoon showers.

 

Planting of Ginger, Haldi, Arvi etc. should be completed without any further delay if not done already.

 

Seeds of rainy season vegetables should be sown taking advantage of the pre-monsoon showers.

 

Maize is also planted during this month. Supports should be provided to the creepers already growing in your garden.

 

Transplanting of seedlings of Chilies, Capsicum, Brinjals etc. should be done if not done so far.

 

FLOWERS: Seedlings of rainy flowers should be planted as the seedlings are ready.

 

CHRYASANTHEMUMS: 5 inch pots plants should be now potted in 6 inch pots. Cut the tip ends again.

 

PREPERATION OF SOIL MIXTURE FOR POTS: Prepare mixture of 2 parts garden soil, 2 parts well rotten cow dung manure and 1 part sand. Take 10 pots of above soil mixture; add ten teaspoons of slaked lime/marble powder and ten teaspoons of charcoal granules.

 

Mix well and fill your pots, after covering properly the bottom hole of the pot with crocks i.e. broken pieces of pots. This will ensure good drainage and prevent water logging.

 

Now to each pot add one level teaspoon of Agromin and one tablespoon of Single Superphosphate. Mix well and water and turn the soil. The pots are now ready to receive the plants in July/August.

 

LAWNS: The soil which was dug up in the last week of May should be turned inside and outside 2-3 times so that the roots of weeds and any other ant-holes etc. are exposed to the sun and destroyed by the heat.

 

Keep the earth exposed for about two to three weeks. Then sprinkle some sand on the topsoil along with some slaked lime. Let the earth dry out and then level the ground for planting of the grass.

 

FOOD PRESERVATION: Mangoes, Peaches, Bael, Litchi, Phalsa, Plum, Cherry, Karonda, Jackfruit and Petha are available and can be preserved.

 

JULY

FRUITS: Top priority should be to drain off the rainwater during the rainy season to avoid water logging. Dry leaves ad turfs of Litchi trees after plucking of the fruit should be filled in the basins around the trees and covered with a thick layer of earth (2-3 feet). For planting of Litchi, Mango, Guava, Citrus and other fruit saplings, the previously dug pits should be utilised and after planting raised basins should be made.

 

VEGETABLES: Sowing of rainy season vegetables like Bhindi, Kerala, Khira, Louki, Prtha, Pumpkins, Cowpea, Soya, Lobia and Asparagus bean should be sown if not already done.

 

Ginger, Haldi, Arvi etc. should be earthed up as soon as the young shoots come up and are 6-8 inches high. Hoeing, weeding and general cleaning of vegetable beds should be done at regular intervals.

 

FLOWERS: Rainy season flowers like Zinnia, Balsam, Coleus, Kochia, Dahlia, Sunflower, etc. should be transplanted immediately. Cutting of hedge plants, ornamental bushes and creepers may be planted after the rains set in fully.

 

CHRYASANTHEMUMS: In the first week of July 4 inch long tip cuttings should be taken from the top branches of stock plants and planted in previously sterlised sand.

 

LAWNS: New lawns may be laid out after digging and leveling and runners of the grass of your choice should be planted closely.

 

SUCCULENTS AND CACTUS: Keep them away from the rains.

 

FOOD PRESERVATION: Mangoes, Peaches, Bael, Litchi, Phalsa, Plum, Cherry, Karonda, Jackfruit and Beat are available and can be preserved.

AUGUST

FRUITS: Top priority should be to drain off the rainwater during the rainy season to avoid water logging. Sapling of Litchi, Mango, Guava, Citrus and other fruit saplings, should in their permanent sites in the previously dug pits and filled with manures and top soil from the pits.

 

A little Phorate should be added to eradicate attack of white ants and other pests.

 

VEGETABLES: Ginger, Haldi, Arvi etc. should be earthed up after removing weeds growing in these. Sweet potato are grown from sprouts produced from the tubers and from cuttings and should be planted on high ridges.

 

Celery is sown in July/August. It is highly nutritive.

 

FLOWERS: Early sowing of flower seeds like Salvia, Aster, Phlox, Petunia and Marigold can be done. Early variety of Gladiola may be put in beds.

 

Hoeing, weeding and general cleaning can be done of all the flower beds regularly.

 

CHRYASANTHEMUMS: Each rooted cutting can be potted straight into 9 inches pots in the first week of August. Keep the pot in full shade for 7 days and then in partial shade for another 7 days. Thereafter keep it in a sunny location. Protect these from heavy rains.

 

SUPPLEMENTARY FEEDING: Dissolve two teaspoons each of Urea and Potash in 10 Liters of water. Add two cups of this to each Pot. Thereafter water the plant. This application should be continued till end of September, once in 15 days.

 

PEST PROTECTION: Spray either of the following mixture till the flowers bloom every fortnight. WATER 10 Liters and 10 Liters METACID OR 10 ml NUVAN OR 10 ml METASYSTOX OR 10 Liters DIMECRON.

 

SPECIAL POINTS FOR SMALL FLOWERED PLANTS: When the plant is 5-6 inches tall pinch the top 1/2 inch to encourage branches. When the branches are about 3 inch long again pinch. Continue the process till end of September to obtain a large head of flowers. A cage of three to four split bamboo canes should be provided till the middle of August.

 

POINTS FOR LARGE FLOWERED PLANTS: These types are grown to take 1-4 flowers per plant. By middle of August, provide 2-3 feet long split bamboo stakes as it grows. In the beginning of September lateral branches will appear in leaf axils, remove them as soon as hand able by turning to one side. It is easy because the branch is brittle in the beginning. At the end of each branch, 3 flower buds will appear. Keep the healthy one and remove the others when easy to handle.

 

INDOOR PLANTS: Put out all the indoor plants in the rain (water logging should be avoided).

 

HEDGES: Cutting of hedge plants, climbers and other ornamental plant should be planted, also seeds of quick growing hedges like Jainter, Aliar or Inga Dulcis, may be sown for making hedges.

 

LAWNS: New lawns may be laid out after digging and leveling and runners of the grass of your choice should be planted closely.

 

FOOD PRESERVATION: Jamun, Plum, Karonda, Apple, Mangoes, Lemon, Grapes and Peaches are available.

 

SEPTEMBER

FRUITS: Sapling of Litchi, Mango, Guava, Citrus and other fruit saplings, should be planted in their permanent sites immediately if not done so.

 

Basins around the Litchi and Mango trees, filled up earlier, should be made by digging in the decayed leaves etc. and a mixture of chemical manure (NPK) should be added in the still lightly moist soil and mixed properly. All the dead, dry, damaged or out of place and diseased branches of all the fruit trees should be removed and to give proper shape and ventilation and sunlight to them.

 

VEGETABLES: Land should be prepared after adding manure for sowing whole tubers of potatoes for early winter crop.

 

Ginger, Haldi, Arvi etc. should be earthed up after removing weeds growing in these. Seeds of early dwarf Peas, French Beans, Radish, Turnip, Beet Root, Methi, Palak, Dhania and bulbs of Onion and Garlic segments may be sown towards the end of the month for early supply of these.

 

Seedlings of Cauliflower, Cabbage, Tomato, Brinjals and Lettuce should be transplanted for early supply. Celery is sown in July/August. It is highly nutritive.

 

Sprouting Broccoli, Brussels sprouts, Parsley and Leak should be sown by end September. These vegetables are a rich source of Vitamin A, B1, B2 and C.

 

FLOWERS: Aster, Antirrhinum, Carnation, Phlox, Dahlia, Gerbera, Holy Hock, Larkspur, Linaria, Lupines, Marigold, Pansy, Poppy, Salvia, Stock, Sweet Peas, Cosmos, Sweet William and Verbena should be sown in small beds for raising their seedlings.

 

CHRYASANTHEMUMS: Same as in August.

 

ROSES: It has been observed that in Northern India, new growth begins by middle of September. At that time sap begins to rise. Therefore, the right time for pruning is third week of September.

 

PRUNING HINTS: The following steps should be the guiding factor for a good prune:

 

1. Remove all dead and dry stems and dry portion of partly healthy stems.

 

2. Cut off weak thin twigs.

 

3 . Cut of branches growing inwards, i.e. towards the centre of the bush. The center will open up.

 

4. Select five to six healthy canes for retention and remove all the others.

 

5. Shorten the remaining canes to 15-18 inches above the scion. While pruning the canes, the cut should be made 1/2 inch above the outward looking eye.

 

6. After pruning, the practice of drenching all branches and cut ends with spray of mixture of a contact and systemic insecticide in the following proportion should be undertaken:

 

To 10 Liters WATER add 10 Liters METACID OR 10 ml NUVAN, OR 10 ml METASYSTOX OR10 Liters DIMECRON. The effect lasts for 2-3 weeks after spraying.

 

After the pruning an application of cow-dung 50 gm, NPK mixture 2 heaped tablespoons and Agromin 1 heaped tablespoon should be given to each plant.

HEDGES: Cutting of hedge plants, climbers and other ornamental plant should be immediately planted, if not done so.

 

LAWNS: New lawns may be laid out immediately without any further delay. Weeding should be carried out effectively.

 

FOOD PRESERVATION: Jamun, Plum, Karonda, Apple, Mangoes, Lemon, Grapes and Peaches are available.

 

OCTOBER

 

FRUITS: Manure mixture of NPK in the ratio of 1:2:1 should be applied and dug in the basins when the soil is moist. Basins around Litchi and Mango trees should be remade and manure should be applied in adequate quantity. All dead, dry and out of place branches of Litchi, Mango and Guava trees should be removed to allow full sunshine and air to give proper shape to these.

 

VEGETABLES: After cleaning up the garden of all weeds and grasses, land should be dug and exposed to the sun for 2-3 days.

 

Manure applied to the beds for sowing winter vegetables viz. Peas, Beans, Radish, Turnip, Beet Root, Methi, Palak, Dhania, Brinjals, Cabbage, Cauliflowers, Knol Kole, and Lettuce etc.

 

Bulbs of Onion and Garlic Cloves should be planted preferably on well manure ridges. Seedlings of Cauliflower, Cabbage, Knoll Kola, Brinjala, and Tomato should be transplanted in well manure beds or ridges.

 

Seeds of Chilies, Capsicum and Tomato may also be sown to be transplanted in January for fruiting in April.

 

Ginger and Turmeric ridges should be earthed up heavily after removing weeds etc. Whole potato tubers 1/2 inch diameter approximately should be planted preferably on well manure ridges.

 

FLOWERS: Transplant all the ready seedlings. For late flowering sow Aster, Antirrhinum, Carnation, Phlox, Dahlia, Gerbera, Holy Hock, Larkspur, Linaria, Lupines, Marigold, Pansy, Poppy, Salvia, Stock, Sweet Peas, Cosmos, Sweet William and Verbena.

 

Seeds of Sweet Peas should be sown in well manure and deeply dug trenches or beds and young seedlings on sprouting may be covered with wire netting or thorny bushes to protect them from damage by birds.

 

Put in the Hedges and the Evergreen Dahlia Cuttings. Multi coloured Gladiolus, Narcissus and Iris bulbs can be sow.

 

ROSES: Roses dug out of ground with earth ball should be planted after mid October.

 

LAWNS: Give Urea or CAN to grass and immediately flood it.

NOVEMBER

FRUITS: Young fruit saplings of Litchi, Mango, Papaya, Chikoo etc should be protected from frost and cold by covering these with rough thatches keeping the south-west side open to allow air and sunshine.

 

Pruning of Peach, Plum and Pear trees should be done as soon as all their leaves shed.

 

Manure should be applied to all the fruit trees after making wide basins.

 

A mixture of NPK in the ratio of 1:2:1 should be applied as per the age chart followed by watering.

 

After pruning, these trees should be sprayed with Malathion to protect them from the hibernating of pests.

 

VEGETABLES: Winter vegetables viz. Peas, Beans, Radish, Turnip, Beet Root, Methi, Palak, Dhania, Brinjals, Cabbage, Cauliflowers, Knoll Kole, and Lettuce etc. should be sown in small beds at intervals of 15 days to ensure uninterrupted supply of these.

 

Transplanting of seedlings sown earlier can be done. Bulbs of Onion and Garlic Cloves should be planted without further delay.

 

Seeds of Onion should be sown in small raised beds in the nursery to raise seedlings of main spring crop of dry bulbs. Ginger and Turmeric may be dug out after their leaves have dried up.

 

These should then be washed and dried up for storing in a well aired store. Seedling of late Cauliflower, Cabbage, Knoll Kole and Lettuce should be transplanted on well-manure ridges or flat beds.

 

FLOWERS: Seedling can be transplanted. Narcissus and Gladiolus bulbs can be grown in this month.

 

Transplant all the ready seedlings. For late flowering sow Aster, Antirrhinum, Carnation, Phlox, Dahlia, Gerbera, Holy Hock, Larkspur, Linaria, Lupines, Marigold, Pansy, Poppy, Salvia, Stock, Sweet Peas, Cosmos, Sweet William and Verbena.

 

Sweet Peas and plants already planted should be given support after pinching their upper parts to induce side shoots and prevent their growing too tall.

 

ROSES: Roses dug out of ground with earth ball should be planted from the first week of November to end January. While planting a rose the bud should be kept 3-4 inches above the ground level and the un-sprouted side of the bud should be kept pointed towards the east/south.

 

Roses do well in any type of garden soil, sandy or clay, but not chalky provided it is well drained. There should not be any water logging in rose beds.

 

An ideal pit for planting roses should be 1.5 feet in diameter and 1.5 feet deep. The soil dug out of the pit for planting roses should be mixed with a tasla of well rotten cow-dung manure and 250 gm of bone meal.

 

About 50 Gm of 10 % Phorate should also be added to the soil. After mixing, the pit should be filled with the mixture and the remaining soil should be piled up on the pit.

 

Then after making a circular ridge the pit should be watered. The depression caused by sinking of soil should be filled up. If this is done 2-3 times, it will ensure that the soil will not sink any more. The pit is then ready to receive the plant.

 

Planting Distance:

  • H.T. AND F.B. ROSES 3 - 3.5 feet
  • Miniature and Polyantha roses 2.5 feet Climbers and shrub roses 6 feet
  • Container grow roses can be planted anytime of the year. Even then, the 2 very hot months of May and June should be avoided.

LAWNS: Give stearmeal to your lawn.

 

FOOD PRESERVATION: Cauliflower, Tomato, Turnip, Carrots, Sarson, Amla, Gauva, Ginger and Apple are available.

 

DECEMBER

FRUITS: This is the hibernating month and the trees should not be disturbed.

 

VEGETABLES: Seeds of Onion, Lettuce and Tomato should be transplanted.

 

FLOWERS CHRYASANTHEMUMS: Cut off the stem after flowering and set aside the plants. Protect them from water logging and frost.

 

INDOOR PLANTS: No manure and transplanting required.

 

LAWNS: Give Urea mixed with Neem Cake and water it.

 

FOOD PRESERVATION: Peas, Oranges, Mosumai, Sarson, Amla, Gauva and Ginger are available.

 

FRUITS: This is the hibernating month and the trees should not be disturbed.

 

VEGETABLES: Seeds of Onion, Lettuce and Tomato should be transplanted.

 

FLOWERS CHRYASANTHEMUMS: Cut off the stem after flowering and set aside the plants. Protect them from water logging and frost.

 

INDOOR PLANTS: No manure and transplanting required.

 

LAWNS: Give Urea mixed with Neem Cake and water it.

 

FOOD PRESERVATION: Peas, Oranges, Mosumai, Sarson, Amla, Gauva and Ginger are available.

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