SPATHIPHYLLUM– FOR CLEANER ENVIRONMENT
Spathiphyllum is a genus of about 40 species of monocotyledonous flowering plants in the family Araceae, a native of the tropical regions of South America and Asia. In India it as the habitant of eastern India. Certain species of Spathiphyllum are commonly known as spath or peace lilies because of the Spadix like flowers with Spathes (White Coloured flowers).
The Peace lily is one of themost popular air cleaning houseplants grown today. The family includes many great indoor plants and toxic removing plants such as Aglaonema (Chinese evergreen), Anthurium (Flamingo flower), Caladium (use outdoors), Dieffenbaca (Dumb cane), Zamioculcas Zamiifolia (ZZ plant), Golden Pothos and Philodendron.
During the early 70’s only two varieties or hybrids of Peace lily were grown, Spathiphyllum ‘Clevelandii’ and hybrid Spathiphyllum ‘Mauna Loa’. Today with research and selection based production and the popularity of Spathiphyllum, we have over a dozen good varieties. Spathiphyllum can be grown easly in the beds or in pots. It is an excellent indoor plant.
They are evergree herbaceous perenial plants with large leaves 12-65 cm long and 3-25 cm broad. The flowers are produced in a spadex , surrounded by a 12-30 cm long, white, yellowish, or greenish spathe. The plant does not need excessive light or water to survive
In South America which is the home of Spathiphyllum the tribals believed that the plant possesses healing powers and called it the Magic Plant. Scientifically it has been confirmed that the plant absorbs large quantities of carbon dioxide and other toxins present in the atmosphere thereby making the environment clean and healthy. If grown indoors in the Offices or the homes, it removes the indoor pollution that can occur in closed or poorly ventilated offices and homes.The Peace Lily has become popular because of the following points:
-Lots of White Flowers lasting from spring through monsoons
-Removes Toxins Indoors
-Dark Green Leaves of the Plants are beautiful
- can be grown any where-Easy to Care
Soil Type It grows in any good garden soil but is best in rich clay loam soil.
It can survive without water for a number of days but during the hot summers it may needs a lot of water and depending upon the location you may have to water it daily if grown outdoors in pots or as a ground cover. If grown in doors water on need bases.
It is a good feeder and to maintain a healthy growth apply DAP 20 gm (One tea spoon) every 15 days.
It does not need a lot of light and as such can be grown in the shady area of the garden or under the trees.
RepottingAs outdoor ground cover, it does not need much care but if grown in pots, repotting to reduce the population and give space and air to the roots you may require doing it every year. The best time is early spring.
In the present day Energy Efficient Homes many people suffer from “?Sick Building Syndrome” and are a result of "acute incidence of indoor air pollution that can occur in closed or poorly ventilated offices and residences.
Numerous studies conducted by the a number of orgainizations have found measurable levels over 107 known cancer causing agents in the modern homes and offices. This cause is the result of living in energy efficient and working environments with little or fresh air since the windows are never opened. This keeps us in contact with these VOC's (volitile organic compounds).
The methods and products used in modern homes and offices today contain amounts of known cancer causing chemicals. In extreme cases, buildings get labeled as "Sick Buildings" when they hold these high levels of contaminants. Exposure can result in a many symptoms of sickness exhibited by the people who frequently use them.
The effects of contact with these cancers causing VOC's in low doses over a long time period is unknown. Will this exposure result in increased incidences of cancer?
NASA research suggests indoor house and office plants may reduce substantially the amount of exposure to common VOC's you experience in your daily routine.
The NASA research and a growing amount of supporting research point toward the benefits of live plants to help improve indoor air quality in modern home and office buildings.
The chemical Trichloroethylene or (TCE) for example is used in paints, printing inks, adhesives, lacquers and varnishes. The National Cancer Institute reported in 1975, an unusually high incidence of hepatocellular carcinomas in mice given TCE by gastric incubation. The chemical TCE is now considered a potent liver carcinogen.
Look around your home or office; new desk, carpets and other items can help in making you "sick". Plants may prove to be one of the answers to assist you in feeling better.
THE BIRTH OF THE FLOWER
The Spathiphyllum flower wriggles out like a snake from
inside the folds of the leaves - It is a beautiful experience to watch and capture on camera: